The morning after pill and its side effects

9 Jul 2020

The morning after pill is an emergency contraceptive for the woman who has had risky sex or has failed the contraceptive method. It can be taken up to 72 hours after intercourse, as it loses effectiveness as the hours pass.

How does the pill work the day after?

It contains a hormone that is also included in the contraceptive methods of daily use, but in a much larger amount. For this reason, its daily use is not recommended, since its high hormonal content could be harmful to health, being able to alter the menstrual cycle or cause side effects.

The most frequent composition in the pills of the day after is Levonogestrel, responsible for delaying ovulation to prevent a pregnancy, acts in the first 72 hours. In Spain, the pill of the day is also marketed after ulipristal acetate, which acts in the same way but its effect can be extended up to about 5 days.

The morning after pill, also called postcoital pill, does not prevent STDs or sexually transmitted diseases and should not be used as an abortion pill, that is, when the egg has already been implanted in the uterus, since the postcoital pill does not stop the pregnancy.

Possible side effects and risks of the pill of the day after

It is advisable to make an appointment with a gynecologist to inform him of the procedure and possible side effects that, in principle, should not go beyond vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, and possible alterations in the menstrual cycle.

It is also important to keep in mind that:

– It is not necessary to take it twice in the same cycle, since its hormonal load can cause important alterations. It is a method of very specific use.

– It can decrease the effect of hormonal contraceptives, if you are taking some it is preferable to use a booster until the end of the cycle.

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